NOW AVAILABLE: School Transportation Law,
a Guide for Connecticut
. Click here for details.

COSTA maintains a library of resources to complement and improve your driver training, to educate parents, students, and the public, and to help you run your operation more efficiently. Below you'll find a list of resource categories. Click on any category to see what's available. Most items will be sent to you on request at no charge; larger items such as books and manuals can be borrowed for your use. Be aware that these lists are not necessarily complete, so if what you are looking for is not listed, give us a call or send us a request by email. And keep checking this site, as we will add to it continuously.

Video List and On-line Order Form
School Transportation Law, a Guide for Connecticut
Special Needs Transportation
Shop Safety, Maintenance, Inspection
Student Safety Training
Human Resources
Bus Stops and Routing
Regulatory Compliance
Forms List and On-Line Order Form
Alternative Vehicles (Vans, Mass Transit, etc.)
General School Bus Safety Information
General Administrative Information

State Dept. of Education Statistics for 2006 - 2007 school year
Total expenditures for public school student transportation $362,082,815
Total number of public school students transported 456,652
Local schools 418,513
Special needs 17,450
In-town Vo-Tech 4,111
Out-of-town Vo-Tech and Vocational Agricultural 6,705
Out-of-town magnet 6,621
Out-of -town public high 3,140                                                                                                                  Out of Town Charter 112
Total public expenditure for private school transportation $21,177,896
Total number of private school students transported 21,166
Percentage of total student population receiving public transportation 80%
Average per pupil cost for public school transportation $792.91
Per pupil cost for local schools $482.82
Per pupil cost for special ed students on special vehicles $6,546.49
Average per pupil reimbursement for private school transportation $188.74

State Department of Motor Vehicles Statistics as of January 2006
Total number of school buses registered 7,030
Number of Type 1 buses 5,486
Number of Type 2 buses 1,544
Number of pre-standard buses (manufactured before 1977) 2
Percentage of buses five years old or less 30%
Percentage of buses ten years old or less 70%
Median age of CT school bus 5 years

Connecticut School Transportation Industry Statistics
Total number of school bus carriers 96
Number of contractors 27
Number of owner-operators 55
Number of public fleets 14
Average fleet size (eliminating extremes at both ends) 92
Median fleet size (eliminating extremes at both ends) 42
Percentage of school transportation provided by private carriers 91%

Connecticut School Bus Accident Statistics
Year of most recent school bus fatality in the state: 2006.
Number of student occupant fatalities in a school bus since DMV began keeping records in 1972: 0
Number of school bus related student pedestrian
fatalities since 1972: 24                                                On average, percentage of traffic accidents in the state that involve school buses: less than 1%.
Percentage of school bus accidents that involve property damage only: 95%
Average student injury rate: 0.02%.

Odds that a student will receive a serious injury in a school bus accident: 0.0005%.

According to Dr. Cal LeMon's Report Card on School Bus Safety, number of Connecticut children aged 5-18 killed in motor vehicles 1986-1996 who would not have died if they had been in school buses: 58

NHTSA School Bus Accident Statistics for 2006
Total number of fatalities in school bus accidents nationwide 13
Number of student occupant fatalities 8
Number of school bus driver fatalities 3
Number of pedestrians killed by bus 18                                                                                              Number of pedestrians killed by other vehicle 3
For a copy of the complete report, "School Transportation-Related Crashes," contact us.

National Loading and Unloading Survey, 2004 - 2005 School Year
Total number of students killed in loading zones 20 
By own bus 14
By passing motorist 6                                                                                                                      

For a copy of the complete report, contact us.

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COSTA maintains an extensive video library, developed largely with federal funding through the Governor's Highway Safety Bureau. You may borrow up to two videos at a time for a two-week period. There is a postage and handling charge applied to each order for order for COSTA members, or $30.00 per video for non-members. Due to the large demand for tapes, we do assess a fine of one dollar a day for overdue videos unless you call the office for an extension.

To see a list of videos by category, and to access our online order form, click here.

This COSTA exclusive resource pulls together the state and federal laws and regulations that affect school transportation, puts them in simple layman's language, and arranges them in alphabetical order for easy reference. The appendices include step-by-step guides for driver licensing and for vehicle registration and use, as well as the complete Connecticut DMV regulations for school buses and driver training. It comes in a loose-leaf notebook and owners will receive annual updates as well as addenda as necessary.

The price is $25 for COSTA members; $100 for nonmembers, plus tax and shipping if applicable. The price includes all addenda and annual updates through 2008. To order one or more copies, call the COSTA office at 860/953-2782.

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Special Needs Transportation

Connecticut Department of Education, Serving Students with Special Health Care Needs, 1992. 269 pp. Includes an appendix on transportation.

American Adacemy of Pediatrics, Policy Statement: Transporting Children with Special Needs, 1993. 4 pp. Illustrated guide to specialized equipment for particular physical needs. Uses brand names and model numbers.

American Academy of Pediatrics, Medical Information for Transportation. 4 pp. Form with detailed explanation to be used by IEP in addressing transportation for students with special needs.

Devices for Transporting Children with Disabilities, 1989. Lists equipment for particular disabilities, with source and cost. Nearly ten years old, though, so costs are surely outdated, and some devices may no longer be available.

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Shop Safety, Maintenance, Inspection

Connecticut School Transportation Vehicle Inspection Programs, Inspector's Guidelines, 1995. The inspection manual.

OSHA Compliance Checklist for School Bus Maintenance Facilities Developed by the South Carolina Dept. of Education, this easy to use guide will help you determine whether you are in compliance with OSHA standards. (You can find this file in the Members Only/Downloads section.)

NHTSA School Bus Recall Listing, January 1993 through June 1998 You can also find this document online by going to our Links exit and clicking on NHTSA.

NHTSA Child Safety Seat Recall Campaigns, January 1988 through October 1997 you can also find this document online by going to our Links exit and clicking on NHTSA.

Safety Belt USA, List of Recalls and Replacement Parts for Child Restraints Lists manufacturers' voluntary recalls with their solutions, as of October 1997.

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Reason Foundation, Doing More with Less: Competitive Contracting for School-Support Services, 1994. 26 pp. A guide to the competitive bidding process, showing how cost savings can be effected by contracting support services, such as busing. Uses case studies to illustrate.

COSTA, Strategic Options for School Transportation Services, 1997. From a workshop presented for the CT Association of Boards of Education, a comparison of the benefits and disadvantages of in-house transportation service, partial outsourcing of some components, and full service contracting. Includes questions to ask of potential contractors.

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Human Resources

J.J. Keller, Official OSHA Safety Handbook, 1994. 218 pp. Employee handbook covering 17 safety topics, with review quizzes.

Connecticut EAP Association, Directory of EAP Consultants and Treatment Providers, 1992. If you are looking for a SAP or want to refer employees to an EAP, you might find this directory helpful.

Peggy A. Burns, Esq., Steering Clear of Sexual Harassment, 1996. 149 pp. Specifically written for school transportation, this manual covers both employee and student sexual harassment issues. Includes case studies.

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Bus Stops and Routing

National Association of State Directors of Pupil Transportation Services, Identification and Evaluation of School Bus Route and Hazard Marking Systems, 1998. 25 pp. Provides a checklist for identifying potential hazards on school bus routes.

Center for Urban Transportation Research, Promoting Safe School Access in Brevard County, Florida,1997. 135 pp. Study provides a set of criteria for evaluating the location of school bus stops as well as walking routes to and from school and the bus stops to increase student safety.

Clemson University, Safety Rating System for School Bus Loading and Unloading Zones, 1996. 55 pp. Provides a system for rating the safety and efficiency of school site bus loading zones.

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Alternative Vehicles

National School Transportation Association, Keeping Children Safe: Yellow School Buses vs. Transit Buses, 1995. 14 pp. Explains the differences in vehicle construction, driver qualifications, regulatory requirements, and environmental control that make school bus transportation safer than mass transit for students.

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General Administrative Information

California Department of Education, A Self-Assessment Guide for Fiscal Policy in Pupil Transportation Services, 1990. 24 pp. Provides a way for schools to evaluate their transportation programs against standards in areas such as training, operations, equipment, public relations, student management. Geared toward public operations.

National Safety Council, Operating the School Bus Fleet, 1989. 48 pp. Includes chapters on screening and hiring drivers, supervising fleets, providing direction, and establishing safety programs.

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Phone 860/953-2782
Fax 860/953-8404
Mail COSTA, 171 Market Square Suite #209, Newington, CT 06111



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